Blueberry Bush Virginia Berry Farm
Grapes

 

  Grapes

Grapes, one of the oldest fruits known to man, are grown virtually everywhere on Earth.  We at Virginia Berry Farm have chosen hardy, seedless, American varieties in red, white and blue.

Growing grapes is a relatively simple task for the home grower since they will grow in a variety of soils and can be trained onto a fascinating assortment of apparatus, ranging from arbors to architectural facades to trellis systems used by grape farmers.  In many applications the ever-changing appearance of the vines and fruit provides a unique addition to the landscape.

Grapes are known to last more than 100 years if a minimum of care is given to them and they have been provided with a viable place to grow.  Once established, care consists entirely of annual pruning, picking the fruit and dealing with Japanese Beetles.  Fortunately the beetles don't last long so the best thing to generally to ignore them unless they are very bad.

In late summer your plants will be filling with tasty, chemical-free fruit.  It will be ripe when the mature color develops and when the fruit tastes very sweet.  But the beauty of the grape goes well beyond taste - there are the health benefits to consider!

Anti-oxidants and Health

As a healthful snack nothing could beat the convenience or delicious flavor of grapes.  And what could be more pleasant than enjoying a glass of wine with friends.  But that's not all you get when you munch a bunch of grapes or sip that evening glass of wine.

Not only are grapes a good source of vitamins A, C, and B6, and minerals like potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, as well as trace amounts of copper, manganese and zinc, they also contain beneficial compounds called flavonoids, very powerful antioxidants.  Antioxidants are know to help neutralize harmful byproducts of metabolism called free radicals that are believed to be the threat that initiates disease problems.  Antioxidants are believed to be important in preventing cancer, stroke, heart disease, and loss of memory resulting from Alzheimer's disease.

These flavonoids include a compound called resveratrol.  A study published in the 2004-year-end edition of the American Journal of Physiology indicates that resveratrol inhibits formation of a protein that produces a condition called cardio fibrosis, a condition which reduces the heart's pumping efficiency when it is needed most, at times of stress.  Recent studies have suggested the use of resveratrol as a cancer-preventive agent in prostate, lung, liver and breast cancer.  In addition to resveratrol, grapes contain a compound called pterostilbene, a powerful antioxidant that is already known to fight cancer and may also help lower cholesterol.

Who knew something to good could be so good for you?  So cheers!  Here's to your health!

 

Our Grape Offerings:

Seedless Table Grapes

All of our seedless grapes are hardy, disease resistant and self-pollinating. They are excellent for juice, jelly or as a distinctively flavored table grape.

 

 Concord Seedless is a sport of Concord, which comprises the majority of all grape plantings due to its reliability under widely varying conditions. This mid-season variety has a long ripening time. The clusters of blue berries have excellent flavor.

 

 

 

Himrod is an early season variety. It produces large, loosely filled bunches of  medium-sized, white grapes with a honey-like flavor and melting, juicy texture. The grapes may be dried as raisins.

 

 

Mars is a vigorous grape producing luscious deep blue fruit.  Clusters are medium-sized and well filled.  One of the last to bud out in spring, thus avoiding damage from late frost.


  Reliance is the most cold hardy of the seedless varieties. This early season grape produces large clusters of medium-sized red berries with tender skins and a sweet flavor. Ripens two weeks before Concord Seedless.

 

 

Vanessa is a medium-sized, red dessert grape with a mild, fruity flavor and a firm to crisp texture. The vine is moderately vigorous and one of the hardiest.

 

 

Venus is a vigorous, productive vine that bears early ripening, medium clusters of large blue-black grapes with a great flavor.

 

 

Muscadines are southern native grape varieties. Unlike our other table grapes they do have seeds, but the taste is somewhat legendary among aficionados and they are easy to grow without the use of chemicals. We offer three varieties:

 

Carlos yields huge, delicious, golden-bronze grapes often more than an inch in diameter. This grape is a favorite for juice and jelly.

 

 

Cowart is vigorous, productive and disease resistant. The large black fruit is used in jams and jellies.

 

 

Magnolia is mid-season variety that yields small, flavorful, bronze berries that are excellent for wine, juice or fresh eating.

 

 

 Triumph is an early to mid-season, self-fertile grape that produces large, thin-skinned, greenish-bronze grapes with high sugar content.

 

 

  

 

 

Wine Grapes

 

 

Cayuga White was developed from crosses of the  hybrids Schuyler and Seyval Blanc done at Cornell University's New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. Cayuga is a versatile, fast-growing grape that can produce fruit in just two years. It can be made into a semisweet wine with a fruity aroma, or oak aged into a dry, less fruity wine. This is a productive and disease-resistant variety.

 

 

Chambourcin is a late-ripening grape that requires a long growing season. It produces large moderately loose bunches of medium-sized blue berries. Little is known about the exact parentage of Chambourcin. It was a hybrid developed by Joannes Seibel in the Loire Valley of France, based on a number of undetermined Native American species and Seibel hybrids. It was released in the early 1960s.

 

 

Chardonay is thought by many people to be the premier white wine grape.  It produces the great white Burgundy wines including Chablis, Poully-Fuiss, and Montrachet.  One of the hardiest wine grapes.

Merlot can be traced back to France in the first century.  It produces large yields of medium-sized, deep black fruit.

 

Pinot Noir is one of the oldest grape varieties used in wine making.  Ancient Romans made wine with it as early as the first century A.D.  Its small, dark blue grapes produce a dry, delicate, pinkish-red wine.